Key Priorities

Of the many priorities for research, policy, and practice that require serious attention, at least three are especially important.  

The first priority is to develop a coherent framework that can help inform emergent realities. Needed is an internally consistent mapping of the joint cyber and real domains that span a wide range of actors (state and non- state, private and public), actions, and instruments of leverage, outcomes, and impacts.

The second is to explore alternative paradigms for cybersecurity and the various connections to overall security in “real” or kinetic terms. Different paradigms will highlight different vulnerabilities and opportunities.

The third is to identify and track different types of cyber behaviors, including cyber conflicts and different modes of cyber collaboration.

These priorities highlight different substantive issues and dynamic processes. Addressing them will provide important insights and evidence into the individual mechanisms as well as the constituent cyber-real “whole.”

1. Choucri, N. (2016). Introduction. In Maddux, T., and Labrosse, D. (Eds.), H-Diplo | ISSF: Roundtable, XI (7). link
2. Choucri, N. (2016). Emerging Trends in Cyberspace: Dimensions & Dilemmas. In Williams, P., & Fiddner, D. (Eds.), Cyberspace: Malevolent actors, criminal opportunities, and strategic competition. Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute and U.S. Army War College Press. link
3. Choucri, N. (2016). Explorations in Cyber International Relations: A Research Collaboration of MIT and Harvard University. MIT Political Science Department Research Paper No. 2016-1. link
4. Choucri, N., and Agarwal, G. (2016). The Theory of Lateral Pressure Highlights of Quantification & Empirical Analysis. MIT Political Science Department Research Paper No. 2016-35. link
5. Choucri, N., and Clark, D. D. (2016). The Co-Evolution Dilemma: Cyberspace and International Relations. Manuscript submitted for publication.  
6. Choucri, N., Clark, D. D., and Madnick, S. (2016). ECIR Explorations in Cyberspace and International Relations: Challenges, Investigations, Analysis, Results. Manuscript submitted for publication.  
7. Choucri, N., and Jackson, C. (2016). Perspectives on Cybersecurity: A Collaborative Study. MIT Political Science Department Research Paper No. 2016-2. link
8. Ramirez, R., and Choucri, N. (2016). Improving Interdisciplinary Communication With Standardized Cyber Security Terminology: A Literature Review. IEEE Access, 4, 2216-2243. link
9. Basuchoudhary, A., and Choucri, N. (2014). The evolution of network based cybersecurity norms: An analytical narrative. Proceedings of the 2014 IEEE 15th International Conference on Information Reuse and Integration (IEEE IRI 2014), Redwood City, CA, pp. 646-653. link
10. Choucri, N. (2014). Cyberpolitics in International Relations. In Krieger, J. (Ed.), The Oxford Companion to International Relations. New York : Oxford University Press. link
11. Choucri, N., Madnick, S., and Ferwerda, J. (2014). Institutions for Cyber Security: International Responses and Global Imperatives. Information Technology for Development, 20(2), 96–121. link
12. Choucri, N. (2013). Cyberpolitics in International Relations. précis Newsletter. MIT Center for International Studies. link
13. Choucri, N. (2013). Co-Evolution of Cyberspace and International Relations: New Challenges for the Social Sciences. Paper prepared for World Social Science Forum (WSSF) 2013, Montreal, Canada. pdf
14. Choucri, N., and Clark, D. D. (2013). Who controls cyberspace? Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 69(5), 21–31.  link
15. Choucri, N. (2012). The Convergence of Cyberspace and Sustainability. e-International Relations. link
16. Micali, S., and Choucri, N., and Chen, J., and Williams, C. (2013). Resilient Mechanism Design Foundations for Governance of Cyberspace: Exploration in Theory, Strategy, and Policy. MIT Political Science Department Research Paper No. 2013-30. link
17. Vaishnav, C., Choucri, N., and Clark, D. (2013). Cyber International Relations as an Integrated System. Environment Systems and Decisions, 33: 561. link
18. Choucri, N. (2012). Cyberpolitics in International Relations. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press. link
19. Choucri, N., and Clark, D. D. (2012). Integrating Cyberspace and International Relations: The Co-Evolution Dilemma. MIT Political Science Department Research Paper No. 2012-29. link
20. Choucri, N., Gihan, D.E., and Madnick, S. (2012). What is Cybersecurity? Explorations in Automated Knowledge Generation. MIT Political Science Department Research Paper No. 2012-30. link
21. Choucri, N., and Goldsmith, D. (2012). Lost in cyberspace: Harnessing the Internet, international relations, and global security. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 68(2), 70–77. link
22. Madnick, S., Choucri, N., Steven C., and Woon W. (2012). Towards Better Understanding Cybersecurity: or are "Cyberspace" and "Cyber Space" the Same? WISP 2012 Proceedings, Paper 27. link
23. Reardon, R., and Choucri, N. (2012). The Role of Cyberspace in International Relations: A View of the Literature. Prepared for the 2012 ISA Annual Convention, San Diego, CA. pdf
24. Sechrist, M., Vaishnav C., Goldsmith D., and Choucri N. (2012). The Dynamics of Undersea Cables: Can the Old Modes of Governance Cope with New Demands of the Cyberspace?  In Husemann, E., and Lane D. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 30th International Conference of the System Dynamics Society, St. Gallen, Switzerland. pdf
25. Madnick, S., Choucri N., Li, X., and Ferwerda, J. (2011). Comparative Analysis of Cybersecurity Metrics to Develop New Hypotheses. Proceedings of the Workshop on Information Security & Privacy (WISP2011), Shanghai, China. pdf
26. Camiña, S., Madnick, S., Choucri, N., and Woon, W. L. (2011). Exploring Terms and Taxonomies Relating to the Cyber International Research Field: or are ‘Cyberspace’ and Cyber Space’ the same? CISL Working Paper No. 2011-03. pdf
27. Madnick, S., Choucri, N., Camina, S., Fogg, E., Li, X., and Wei F. (2009). Explorations in Cyber International Relations (ECIR) - Data Dashboard Report #1: CERT Data Sources and Prototype Dashboard System. MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4754-09.  link
28. Madnick, S., and Xitong L., and Choucri, N. (2009). Experiences and Challenges with Using CERT Data to Analyze International Cyber Security. MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4759-09. link
29. Maugis, V., Choucri, N., Madnick, S., Siegel, M. D., Gillett, S. E., Haghseta, F., … Best, M. L. (2005). Global e-readiness—for what? Readiness for e-banking. Information Technology for Development, 11(4), 313–342. link
30. Choucri, N. (2001). Knowledge Networking for Global Sustainability: New Modes of Cyberpartnering. In Richards, D. J., Allenby, B. R., & Compton, W. D. (Eds.), Information systems and the environment. Washington, D.C: National Academy Press. link
31. Choucri, N. (2000). Introduction: CyberPolitics in International Relations. International Political Science Review, 21(3), 243–263. link
32. Choucri, N., McHugh, G., and Millman, S.R.L. (1998, November). Innovations in Cyberpartnering for Sustainability. In Care Innovation '98: Proceedings, Second International Symposium, Brokerage Event and Environmental Exhibition, Vienna, Austria. .