Cyberspace, shaped by human ingenuity, is a venue for social interaction, an environment for social communication, and an enabler of new mechanisms for power and leverage. With the Internet at its core, cyberspace consists of ever-growing pervasive, international, digital networks that:

  • Enable new strategic interactions among nation states and other actors that can affect national security and well-being;
  • Stimulate competition and collaboration among the actors concerning Internet governance and control;
  • Transform social, economic, political, scientific and cultural activities in ways that change the strategic capabilities of the actors.

In short, cyberspace creates new conditions—problems and opportunities—for which there are no clear precedents in human history. As an example of these new conditions, this is the first time in human history that advances in information and communications are potentially accessible to the entire population of the world.